The relationship of plasma aluminum to oxidant–antioxidant and inflammation status in asthma patients
Aluminum (Al) is a non-essential mineral which human beings are exposed to on day-to-day life. The purpose of this study was to assess the concentrations of plasma Al and the relationship of those levels with risk factors for asthma. In total, 27 allergic asthmatics and 30 healthy volunteers were enrolled. Plasma Al and selected blood parameters were measured, and a pulmonary function test was performed. Higher Al concentrations were found in the asthmatics than the healthy controls. Increased immunoglobulin E, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, lipid peroxidation products, and pro-inflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin [IL]-4) were observed, but IL-10 and overall antioxidant and enzyme activities were lower. Associations between oxidative-antioxidant status and inflammatory markers with plasma Al levels in asthmatics were noted. Al status was also linked to cytokine concentrations and pulmonary function. In conclusion, abnormal Al distribution may further precipitate oxidative stress and inflammation, alter Th1/Th2 lymphocyte balance, and therefore contribute to the development of asthma.