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Virulent strains of Helicobacter pylori and vascular diseases: A meta-analysis *

Cytotoxin-associated gene A (CagA)–positive strains of Helicobacter pylori are an etiological factor for peptic ulcer and gastric cancer. Studies on the role of these virulent strains in vascular diseases yield conflicting results.

We searched the MEDLINE database for relevant studies. Meta-analysis was performed using the random effects method.

We found 10 retrospective case-control studies (with 1527 case patients and 1661 control subjects) and 3 prospective cohort studies (with 701 case patients and 1439 control subjects) on CagA status and ischemic heart disease and 4 retrospective case-control studies (with 513 case patients and 590 control subjects) on CagA status and cerebral ischemia. In the case-control studies, an association of ischemic heart disease with CagA-positive strains (OR 1.87, 95% CI 1.46-2.40) but no significant association with CagA-negative strains (OR 1.15, 95% CI 0.83-1.60) has been found; in the 3 prospective studies, association with ischemic heart disease was weaker but still significant (OR 1.26, 95% CI 1.05-1.51). In the 4 case-control studies, CagA-positive strains were significantly associated with cerebral ischemia (OR 2.43, 95% CI 1.89-3.13), again with no association for CagA-negative strains.

We found a small but significant association between vascular diseases and virulent CagA-positive strains of H. pylori. The lack of association with CagA-negative strains further supports the hypothesis of an independent relationship between virulent strains of H. pylori and vascular diseases. The magnitude of the association with cerebral ischemia needs to be confirmed by prospective studies.


* Legal Disclaimer: Chelation and Hyperbaric Therapy, Stem Cell Therapy, and other treatments and modalities mentioned or referred to in this web site are medical techniques that may or may not be considered “mainstream”. As with any medical treatment, results will vary among individuals, and there is no implication or guarantee that you will heal or achieve the same outcome as patients herein.

As with any procedure, there could be pain or other substantial risks involved. These concerns should be discussed with your health care provider prior to any treatment so that you have proper informed consent and understand that there are no guarantees to healing.

THE INFORMATION IN THIS WEBSITE IS OFFERED FOR GENERAL EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY AND DOES NOT IMPLY OR GIVE MEDICAL ADVICE. No Doctor/Patient relationship shall be deemed to have arisen simply by reading the information contained on these pages, and you should consult with your personal physician/care giver regarding your medical treatment before undergoing any sort of treatment or therapy.

Published on 07-30-2009
Authors: Vincenzo Pasceri MD, PhDa, , , Giuseppe Patti MDb, Giovanni Cammarota MDc, Christian Pristipino MDa, Giuseppe Richichi MDa and Germano Di Sciascio MDb
Source: American Heart Journal Volume 151, Issue 6, June 2006, Pages 1215-1222