Close-up TV News - Prolotheray lecture

Reversing Hypertension

Heavy Metals and all diseases

Close-Up TV News - Dr. Calapai's approach

News 12 Interview: Parkinson’s Disease, Glutathione and Chelation Therapy

News 12 Interview: Platelet-rich plasma therapy

Prolotherapy Interview News 12

News 12 Interview: Diabetes and Weight Loss
Melatonin protects against oxidative stress caused by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine in the mouse nigrostriatum *

We tested the hypothesis that melatonin acts as a powerful hydroxyl radical (.OH) scavenger in vivo in the brain, and interferes with oxidative stress caused by the parkinsonian neurotoxin, 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). We investigated the effect of melatonin on in vitro .OH production employing a Fenton-like reaction in test tubes, and ex vivo .OH generation in isolated mitochondria induced by 1-methyl-4-phenyl pyridinium (MPP+), as well as on in vivo .OH formation in the mouse striatum following systemic administration of MPTP.

 We also measured reduced glutathione (GSH) levels, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the nucleus caudatus putamen (NCP) and substantia nigra (SN), 7 days following MPTP and/or melatonin administration. Melatonin caused a significant and dose-dependent inhibition of the production of .OH in the in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo experimental conditions.

 Melatonin caused no changes in monoamine oxidase-B activity, in vitro in mitochondrial P2 fractions or in vivo following systemic administration. MPTP treatment in mice caused a significant depletion of GSH, and increased the specific activity of SOD both in SN and NCP on the seventh day. MPTP-induced GSH depletion was dose-dependently blocked in SN and NCP by melatonin.

 Higher doses of melatonin exhibited a synergistic effect on MPTP-induced increase in the SOD activity in the SN. These results suggest that while GSH inhibition is a direct consequence of .OH generation following neurotoxin administration, the increase in SOD activity is a compensatory mechanism for removing superoxide radicals generated as the result of MPTP.

Our results not only point to the potency of melatonin in blocking the primary insults caused by MPTP, but also provide evidence for triggering secondary neuroprotective mechanisms, suggesting its use as a therapeutic agent in neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson's disease.

* Legal Disclaimer: Chelation and Hyperbaric Therapy, Stem Cell Therapy, and other treatments and modalities mentioned or referred to in this web site are medical techniques that may or may not be considered “mainstream”. As with any medical treatment, results will vary among individuals, and there is no implication or guarantee that you will heal or achieve the same outcome as patients herein.

As with any procedure, there could be pain or other substantial risks involved. These concerns should be discussed with your health care provider prior to any treatment so that you have proper informed consent and understand that there are no guarantees to healing.

THE INFORMATION IN THIS WEBSITE IS OFFERED FOR GENERAL EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY AND DOES NOT IMPLY OR GIVE MEDICAL ADVICE. No Doctor/Patient relationship shall be deemed to have arisen simply by reading the information contained on these pages, and you should consult with your personal physician/care giver regarding your medical treatment before undergoing any sort of treatment or therapy.

Published on 12-24-2007