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News 12 Interview: Diabetes and Weight Loss
Influence of Reduced Glutathione Infusion on Glucose Metabolism in Patients with Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus *

To evaluate the relationship between oxidative stress and glucose metabolism, insulin sensitivity and intraerythrocytic reduced glutathione (GSH)/oxidized glutathione (GSSG) ratio were measured in 10 non- insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients and 10 healthy subjects before and after the intravenous administration of GSH. In particular, after baseline insulin sensitivity was assessed by a 2-hour euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp, either glutathione (1.35 g x m2 x min(-1)) or placebo (saline) were infused over a period of 1 hour.
The same protocol was repeated at a 1-week interval, in cross-over, according to a randomized, single-blind design. In healthy subjects, baseline intraerythrocytic GSH/GSSG ratio (P < .0005) and total glucose uptake (P < .005) were significantly higher than in NIDDM patients. In the same subjects, GSH infusion significantly increased total glucose uptake (from 37.1 +/- 6.7 micromol kg(-1) x min(-1) to 39.5 +/- 7.7 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1), P < .05), whereas saline infusion was completely ineffective. In addition, the mean intraerythrocytic GSH/GSSG ratio significantly increased after GSH infusion (from 21.0 +/- 0.9 to 24.7 +/- 1.3, P < .05).
Similar findings were found in diabetic patients, in whom GSH infusion significantly increased both total glucose uptake (from 25.3 +/- 9.0 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1) to 31.4 +/- 10.0 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1), P < .001) and intraerythrocytic GSH/GSSG ratio (from 14.8 +/- 4.1 to 21.7 +/- 6.7, P < .01). Pooling diabetic patients and controls, significant correlations were found between intraerythrocytic GSH/GSSG ratio and total glucose uptake (r = .425, P < .05), as well as between increments of the same variables after GSH infusion (r = .518, P < .05). In conclusion, our data support the hypothesis that abnormal intracellular GSH redox status pla ys an important role in reducing insulin sensitivity in NIDDM patients. Accordingly, intravenous GSH infusion significantly increased both intraerythrocytic GSH/GSSG ratio and total glucose uptake in the same patients.

* Legal Disclaimer: Chelation and Hyperbaric Therapy, Stem Cell Therapy, and other treatments and modalities mentioned or referred to in this web site are medical techniques that may or may not be considered “mainstream”. As with any medical treatment, results will vary among individuals, and there is no implication or guarantee that you will heal or achieve the same outcome as patients herein.

As with any procedure, there could be pain or other substantial risks involved. These concerns should be discussed with your health care provider prior to any treatment so that you have proper informed consent and understand that there are no guarantees to healing.

THE INFORMATION IN THIS WEBSITE IS OFFERED FOR GENERAL EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY AND DOES NOT IMPLY OR GIVE MEDICAL ADVICE. No Doctor/Patient relationship shall be deemed to have arisen simply by reading the information contained on these pages, and you should consult with your personal physician/care giver regarding your medical treatment before undergoing any sort of treatment or therapy.

Published on 05-19-2008