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Efficacy and Safety of Autologous Bone Marrow-Derived Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Study *

There is a growing interest in cell-based therapies in T2DM as β-cell failure is progressive and inexorable with the advancing duration of disease. This prospective, randomized, single-blinded placebo-controlled study evaluates the efficacy and safety of autologous bone marrow-derived stem cell transplantation (ABMSCT) in T2DM. Twenty-one patients with triple oral antidiabetic drug failure and requiring insulin ≥0.4 IU per kg per day with HbA1c <7.5% were randomly assigned to an intervention (n = 11) and control group (n = 10) and followed for 12 months. Patients in the intervention group received ABMSCT through a targeted approach, and after 12 weeks, a second dose of stem cells was administered through the antecubital vein after mobilization with G-CSF, while the control group underwent a sham procedure. The primary end point was a reduction in insulin requirement by ≥50% from baseline while maintaining HbA1c <7%. Nine out of the 11 (82%) patients in the intervention group achieved the primary end point, whereas none of the patients in the control group did over the study period (p = 0.002). The insulin requirement decreased by 66.7% in the intervention group from 42.0 (31.0‐64.0) IU per day to 14.0 (0.0‐30.0) IU per day (p = 0.011), while in controls it decreased by 32.1% from 40.5 (31.8‐44.3) IU per day to 27.5 (23.5‐33.3) IU per day (p = 0.008) at 12 months. The reduction in insulin requirement was significantly more in the intervention group compared to controls at both 6 (p = 0.001) and 12 months (p = 0.004). There was a modest but nonsignificant increase in HbA1c (%) in cases from 6.9% (6.4‐7.2%) to 7.1% (6.6‐7.5%) as well as in controls from 6.9% (6.2‐7.0%) to 7.0% (6.9‐7.5%). Ten out of 11 (91%) patients could maintain HbA1c <7% in the intervention group, whereas 6 out of 10 did (60%) in the control group (p = 0.167). The glucagon-stimulated C-peptide significantly increased in treated cases compared to controls (p = 0.036). The decrease in insulin requirement positively correlated with stimulated C-peptide (r = 0.8, p = 0.001). In conclusion, ABMSCT results in a significant decrease in the insulin dose requirement along with an improvement in the stimulated C-peptide levels in T2DM. However, a greater number of patients with a longer duration of follow-up are required to substantiate these observations.

* Legal Disclaimer: Chelation and Hyperbaric Therapy, Stem Cell Therapy, and other treatments and modalities mentioned or referred to in this web site are medical techniques that may or may not be considered “mainstream”. As with any medical treatment, results will vary among individuals, and there is no implication or guarantee that you will heal or achieve the same outcome as patients herein.

As with any procedure, there could be pain or other substantial risks involved. These concerns should be discussed with your health care provider prior to any treatment so that you have proper informed consent and understand that there are no guarantees to healing.

THE INFORMATION IN THIS WEBSITE IS OFFERED FOR GENERAL EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY AND DOES NOT IMPLY OR GIVE MEDICAL ADVICE. No Doctor/Patient relationship shall be deemed to have arisen simply by reading the information contained on these pages, and you should consult with your personal physician/care giver regarding your medical treatment before undergoing any sort of treatment or therapy.

Published on 04-06-2016
Authors: Bhansali, Anil; Asokumar, Premkumar; Walia, Rama; Bhansali, Shobhit; Gupta, Vivek; Jain, Ashish; Sachdeva, Naresh; Sharma, Rati Ram; Marwaha, Neelam; Khandelwal, Niranjan
Source: Cell Transplantation, Volume 23, Number 9, 2014, pp. 1075-1085(11)