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Efficacy and safety of growth hormone (GH) in the treatment of adult Japanese patients with GH deficiency: a randomised, placebo-controlled study. *

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of growth hormone (GH) replacement therapy on lean body mass (LBM) and other variables including body fat mass, serum lipids and quality of life measures in GH-deficient Japanese adults.

DESIGN: This was a multicentre, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group study. Following initial screening, patients were randomly assigned to GH treatment (n=37) or placebo (n=36). GH treatment was started at an initial dose 0.003 mg/kg/day s.c. each day for the first 4 weeks after which the dose was increased to 0.006 mg/kg/day for 4 weeks and then to 0.012 mg/kg/day for the last 16 weeks (n=37).

Body composition, serum lipids, serum IGF-I and IGFBP-3 levels were measured during the 24-week study. Short Form-36 and Quality of Life Assessment of GH Deficiency in Adults scores were also determined.

RESULTS: LBM was significantly increased from baseline at 24 weeks in GH-treated patients, with a mean (+/-SD) increase of 4.7% (+/-5.3%) compared with an increase of 1.0% (+/-4.4%) in the placebo group (p<0.0001 versus baseline, p=0.0003 versus placebo). Percentage body fat decreased significantly from baseline in GH-treated patients (9.3%, p<0.0001), compared with a non-significant 0.2% increase in the placebo group (p<0.0004 for difference between treatment groups).

In addition, significantly increased serum IGF-I and IGFBP-3 levels and improvements in the patients' serum lipid profiles were observed in patients who received GH therapy. Changes in quality of life measures did not differ between treatments, probably because of the small number of patients studied. GH therapy was well tolerated, with adverse events of any cause reported in 86.5% of the GH treatment group and 83.3% of the placebo group.

CONCLUSION: GH treatment significantly improved body composition and serum lipid profiles in adult Japanese patients with GH deficiency compared with placebo and had no clinically relevant adverse effects.

* Legal Disclaimer: Chelation and Hyperbaric Therapy, Stem Cell Therapy, and other treatments and modalities mentioned or referred to in this web site are medical techniques that may or may not be considered “mainstream”. As with any medical treatment, results will vary among individuals, and there is no implication or guarantee that you will heal or achieve the same outcome as patients herein.

As with any procedure, there could be pain or other substantial risks involved. These concerns should be discussed with your health care provider prior to any treatment so that you have proper informed consent and understand that there are no guarantees to healing.

THE INFORMATION IN THIS WEBSITE IS OFFERED FOR GENERAL EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY AND DOES NOT IMPLY OR GIVE MEDICAL ADVICE. No Doctor/Patient relationship shall be deemed to have arisen simply by reading the information contained on these pages, and you should consult with your personal physician/care giver regarding your medical treatment before undergoing any sort of treatment or therapy.

Published on 09-06-2006