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Curcumin suppresses proliferation and invasion in human gastric cancer cells by downregulation of PAK1 activity and cyclin D1 expression. *

Curcumin (diferuloylmethane), is a natural chemopreventive agent known to inhibit the proliferation of several cancer cell lines. It has been previously demonstrated that curcumin is a potent inhibitor of EGF-receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase, but its inhibitive effect on p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1), a downstream protein of EGFR, has not been defined. In this paper we found that curcumin repressed the expression of HER2 and inhibited the kinase activity of PAK1 without affecting its expression. Silencing HER2 in gastric cancer cells showed that even if PAK1 activity was transiently strengthened by EGF, curcumin still had a strong inhibitive effect. It should be emphasized that kinase assay in vitro showed that curcumin could act as an ATP-competitive inhibitor, which was supported by computer-aided molecular modeling. Curcumin also downregulated the mRNA and the protein expression of cyclin D1 and suppressed transition of the cells from G(1) to S phase. Therefore, curcumin inhibited the proliferation and invasion of gastric cancer cells. Overall, these results provided novel insights into the mechanisms of curcumin inhibition of gastric cancer cell growth and potential therapeutic strategies for gastric cancer.

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As with any procedure, there could be pain or other substantial risks involved. These concerns should be discussed with your health care provider prior to any treatment so that you have proper informed consent and understand that there are no guarantees to healing.

THE INFORMATION IN THIS WEBSITE IS OFFERED FOR GENERAL EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY AND DOES NOT IMPLY OR GIVE MEDICAL ADVICE. No Doctor/Patient relationship shall be deemed to have arisen simply by reading the information contained on these pages, and you should consult with your personal physician/care giver regarding your medical treatment before undergoing any sort of treatment or therapy.

Published on 09-27-2010
Authors: Cai XZ, Wang J, Li XD, Wang GL, Liu FN, Cheng MS, Li F.
Source: Cancer Biol Ther. 2009 Jul;8(14):1360-8. Epub 2009 Jul 13.