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Characterization and Expression Analysis of Mesenchymal Stem Cells from Human Bone Marrow and Adipose Tissue *

Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), that have been reported to be present in bone marrow, adipose tissues, dermis, muscles and peripheral blood, have the potential to differentiate along different lineages including those forming bone, cartilage, fat, muscle and neuron. This differentiation potential makes MSC excellent candidates for cell-based tissue engineering. In this study, we have examined phenotypes and gene expression profile of the human adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (ATSC) in the undifferentiated states, and compared with that of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC). ATSC were enzymatically released from adipose tissues from adult human donors and were expanded in monolayer with serial passages at confluence. BMSC were harvested from the metaphysis of adult human femur. Flowcytometric analysis showed that ATSC have a marker expression that is similar to that of BMSC. ATSC expressed CD29, CD44, CD90, CD105 and were absent for HLA-DR and c-kit expression. Under appropriate culture conditions, MSC were induced to differentiate to the osteoblast, adipocyte, and chondrogenic lineages. ATSC were superior to BMSC in respect to maintenance of proliferating ability, and microarray analysis of gene expression revealed differentially expressed genes between ATSC and BMSC. The proliferating ability and differentiation potential of ATSC were variable according to the culture condition. The similarities of the phenotypes and the gene expression profiles between ATSC and BMSC could have broad implications for human tissue engineering.

* Legal Disclaimer: Chelation and Hyperbaric Therapy, Stem Cell Therapy, and other treatments and modalities mentioned or referred to in this web site are medical techniques that may or may not be considered “mainstream”. As with any medical treatment, results will vary among individuals, and there is no implication or guarantee that you will heal or achieve the same outcome as patients herein.

As with any procedure, there could be pain or other substantial risks involved. These concerns should be discussed with your health care provider prior to any treatment so that you have proper informed consent and understand that there are no guarantees to healing.

THE INFORMATION IN THIS WEBSITE IS OFFERED FOR GENERAL EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY AND DOES NOT IMPLY OR GIVE MEDICAL ADVICE. No Doctor/Patient relationship shall be deemed to have arisen simply by reading the information contained on these pages, and you should consult with your personal physician/care giver regarding your medical treatment before undergoing any sort of treatment or therapy.

Published on 04-25-2016
Authors: Lee R.H. , Kim B., Choi I., Kim H., Choi H., Suh K., Bae Y.C.,Jung J.S
Source: Cell Physiol Biochem 2004