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Antiinflammatory and chondroprotective effects of intraarticular injection of adipose-derived stem cells in experimental osteoarthritis *

Objective

In experimental collagenase-induced osteoarthritis (OA) in the mouse, synovial lining macrophages are crucial in mediating joint destruction. It was recently shown that adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) express immunosuppressive characteristics. This study was undertaken to explore the effect of intraarticular injection of ASCs on synovial lining thickness and its relation to joint pathology in experimental mouse OA.
Methods

ASCs were isolated from fat surrounding the inguinal lymph nodes and cultured for 2 weeks. Experimental OA was induced by injection of collagenase into the knee joints of C57BL/6 mice. OA phenotypes were measured within 8 weeks after induction. Histologic analysis was performed, and synovial thickening, enthesophyte formation, and cartilage destruction were measured in the knee joint.
Results

ASCs were injected into the knee joints of mice 7 days after the induction of collagenase-induced OA. On day 1, green fluorescent protein–labeled ASCs were attached to the lining layer in close contact with macrophages. Thickening of the synovial lining, formation of enthesophytes associated with medial collateral ligaments, and formation of enthesophytes associated with cruciate ligaments were significantly inhibited on day 42 after ASC treatment, by 31%, 89%, and 44%, respectively. Destruction of cartilage was inhibited on day 14 (65%) and day 42 (35%). In contrast to early treatment, injection of ASCs on day 14 after OA induction showed no significant effect on synovial activation or joint pathology on day 42.
Conclusion

These findings indicate that a single injection of ASCs into the knee joints of mice with early-stage collagenase-induced OA inhibits synovial thickening, formation of enthesophytes associated with ligaments, and cartilage destruction.

URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/art.34626/full

* Legal Disclaimer: Chelation and Hyperbaric Therapy, Stem Cell Therapy, and other treatments and modalities mentioned or referred to in this web site are medical techniques that may or may not be considered “mainstream”. As with any medical treatment, results will vary among individuals, and there is no implication or guarantee that you will heal or achieve the same outcome as patients herein.

As with any procedure, there could be pain or other substantial risks involved. These concerns should be discussed with your health care provider prior to any treatment so that you have proper informed consent and understand that there are no guarantees to healing.

THE INFORMATION IN THIS WEBSITE IS OFFERED FOR GENERAL EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY AND DOES NOT IMPLY OR GIVE MEDICAL ADVICE. No Doctor/Patient relationship shall be deemed to have arisen simply by reading the information contained on these pages, and you should consult with your personal physician/care giver regarding your medical treatment before undergoing any sort of treatment or therapy.

Published on 05-08-2014