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Anti-inflammatory role and immunomodulation of mesenchymal stem cells in systemic joint diseases: potential for treatment *

Introduction: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent stromal cells characterized by their ability to differentiate into adipocytes, chondrocytes, osteocytes and a number of other lineages. Investigation into their use has increased in recent years as characterization of their immunomodulatory properties has developed, and their role in the pathophysiology of joint disease has been suggested.

Areas covered: MSCs demonstrate immunosuppressive functionality by suppressing T- and B-cell responses following activation by cytokines such as IL-6 and IL-1α. They also can be induced to exert pro-inflammatory effects in the presence of acute inflammatory environment due to the actions of TNF-α and IFN-γ. In inflammatory joint diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, MSCs in bone marrow migrate to joints by a TNF-α-dependent mechanism and may be in part responsible for the disease process. MSCs have also been demonstrated in increased numbers in periarticular tissues in osteoarthritis, which may reflect an attempt at joint regeneration.

Expert opinion: Clinical applications for MSCs have shown promise in a number of inflammatory and autoimmune disorders. Future work is likely to further reveal the immunosuppressive characteristics of MSCs, their role in the pathophysiology of joint diseases and provide the basis for new avenues for treatment.

URL:  http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.1517/14728222.2013.746954

* Legal Disclaimer: Chelation and Hyperbaric Therapy, Stem Cell Therapy, and other treatments and modalities mentioned or referred to in this web site are medical techniques that may or may not be considered “mainstream”. As with any medical treatment, results will vary among individuals, and there is no implication or guarantee that you will heal or achieve the same outcome as patients herein.

As with any procedure, there could be pain or other substantial risks involved. These concerns should be discussed with your health care provider prior to any treatment so that you have proper informed consent and understand that there are no guarantees to healing.

THE INFORMATION IN THIS WEBSITE IS OFFERED FOR GENERAL EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY AND DOES NOT IMPLY OR GIVE MEDICAL ADVICE. No Doctor/Patient relationship shall be deemed to have arisen simply by reading the information contained on these pages, and you should consult with your personal physician/care giver regarding your medical treatment before undergoing any sort of treatment or therapy.

Published on 06-27-2014