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Alpha-lipoic acid suppresses the development of collagen-induced arthritis and protects against bone destruction in mice *

Abstract

Objective  To test the ability of alpha-lipoic acid (LA) to attenuate the development of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in mice.
Methods  Mice were divided into three groups and treated with intraperitoneal administration of LA (10 or 100 mg/kg) or placebo. Clinical, histologic, and biochemical parameters were assessed. Human synovial fibroblasts and peripheral blood mononuclear cells were cocultured in various concentrations of LA to evaluate the effects on osteoclastogenesis.
Results  LA was associated with a dose-dependent reduction of CIA, as well as preventing bone erosion and destructive changes. Intracellular reactive oxygen species in lymphocytes obtained from inguinal lymph nodes, which was significantly higher in CIA than control mice, was significantly reduced in CIA by LA. The concentrations of TNF-a, IL-1β, and IL-6 in the paws, and synovial NF-κB binding, all of which were markedly higher in CIA than control mice, were reduced by treatment with LA. In addition, LA inhibited the formation of human osteoclasts in vitro.
Conclusion  Amelioration of joint disease by LA was associated with reduction in oxidative stress, as well as inhibition of inflammatory cytokine activation and NF-κB DNA binding activity. Moreover, LA inhibited bone destruction in vivo and osteoclastogenesis in vitro. Collectively, these results indicate that LA may be a new adjunctive therapy for rheumatoid arthritis.

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As with any procedure, there could be pain or other substantial risks involved. These concerns should be discussed with your health care provider prior to any treatment so that you have proper informed consent and understand that there are no guarantees to healing.

THE INFORMATION IN THIS WEBSITE IS OFFERED FOR GENERAL EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY AND DOES NOT IMPLY OR GIVE MEDICAL ADVICE. No Doctor/Patient relationship shall be deemed to have arisen simply by reading the information contained on these pages, and you should consult with your personal physician/care giver regarding your medical treatment before undergoing any sort of treatment or therapy.

Published on 03-05-2010
Authors: Eun Young Lee, Chang-Keun Lee, Ki-Up Lee, Joong Yeol Park, Kyung-Ja Cho, You Sook Cho, Hee Ran Lee, Se Hwan Moon, Hee-Bom Moon and Bin Yoo
Source: Rheumatology International Volume 27, Number 3 / Январь 2007 г. стр. 225-233