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Adult Bone Marrow Cell Therapy for Ischemic Heart Disease: Evidence and Insights from Randomized Controlled Trials *

Rationale: Notwithstanding the uncertainties regarding the outcomes of BMC therapy for heart repair, further insights are critically needed to improve this promising approach.

Objective: To delineate the true impact of BMC therapy for cardiac repair and gain insights for future trials through systematic review and meta-analysis of data from eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs).

Methods and Results: Database searches through August 2014 identified forty-eight eligible RCTs (enrolling 2602 patients). Weighted mean differences for changes in left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF), infarct size, LV end-systolic volume (LVESV), and LV end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) were analyzed with random-effects meta-analysis. Compared with standard therapy, BMC transplantation improved LVEF (2.92%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.91 to 3.92; P<0.00001), reduced infarct size (-2.25%; 95% CI, -3.55 to -0.95; P=0.0007) and LVESV (-6.37 ml; 95% CI, -8.95 to -3.80; P<0.00001), and tended to reduce LVEDV (-2.26 ml; 95% CI, -4.59 to 0.07; P=0.06). Similar effects were noted when data were analyzed after excluding studies with discrepancies in outcomes reporting. The benefits also persisted when cardiac catheterization was performed in control patients as well. Although imaging modalities partly influenced the outcomes, LVEF improved in BMC-treated patients when assessed by MRI. Early (<48h) BMC injection after MI was more effective in reducing infarct size, while BMC injection between 3 and 10 days proved superior toward improving systolic function. A minimum of 50 million BMCs seemed to be necessary, with limited additional benefits seen with increasing cell numbers. BMC therapy was safe and improved clinical outcomes, including all-cause mortality, recurrent MI, ventricular arrhythmia, and cerebrovascular accident (CVA) during follow-up, albeit with differences between acute MI and chronic IHD subgroups.

Conclusions: Transplantation of adult BMCs improves LVEF, reduces infarct size and ameliorates remodeling in patients with IHD. These effects are upheld in analyses of studies employing MRI, and also after excluding studies with discrepant outcomes reporting. BMC transplantation may also reduce the incidence of death, recurrent MI, ventricular arrhythmia, and CVA during follow-up.

* Legal Disclaimer: Chelation and Hyperbaric Therapy, Stem Cell Therapy, and other treatments and modalities mentioned or referred to in this web site are medical techniques that may or may not be considered “mainstream”. As with any medical treatment, results will vary among individuals, and there is no implication or guarantee that you will heal or achieve the same outcome as patients herein.

As with any procedure, there could be pain or other substantial risks involved. These concerns should be discussed with your health care provider prior to any treatment so that you have proper informed consent and understand that there are no guarantees to healing.

THE INFORMATION IN THIS WEBSITE IS OFFERED FOR GENERAL EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY AND DOES NOT IMPLY OR GIVE MEDICAL ADVICE. No Doctor/Patient relationship shall be deemed to have arisen simply by reading the information contained on these pages, and you should consult with your personal physician/care giver regarding your medical treatment before undergoing any sort of treatment or therapy.

Published on 02-27-2017
Authors: Muhammad R Afzal, Anweshan Samanta, Zubair I Shah, Vinodh Jeevanantham, Ahmed Abdel-Latif, Ewa K Zuba-Surma, Buddhadeb Dawn