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Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells ameliorate chronic high glucose-induced β-cell injury through modulation of autophagy


Chronic hyperglycemia causes a progressive decrease of β-cell function and mass in type 2 diabetic patients. Growing evidence suggests that augment of autophagy may be an effective approach to protect βcells against various extra-/intracellular stimuli. In this study, we thus investigated whether bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) could ameliorate chronic high glucose (HG)-induced β-cell injury through modulation of autophagy. Prolonged exposure to HG decreased cell viability, increased cell apoptosis and impaired basal insulin secretion and glucose-stimulated insulin…

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A Descriptive Study on The Safety and Efficacy of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Therapy For Parkinson’s Disease: A Case Series


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Intravenous mesenchymal stem cell administration exhibits therapeutic effects against 6-hydroxydopamine-induced dopaminergic neurodegeneration and glial activation in rats


To explore a novel therapy against Parkinson’s disease (PD), we evaluated the therapeutic effects of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBM-MSCs), pluripotent stromal cells with secretory potential of various neurotrophic and anti-inflammatory factors, in a hemi-parkinsonian rat model. The unilateral intrastriatal 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-lesioned rats were injected hBM-MSCs (1.0 × 107 cells) or PBS intravenously 16 days after lesioning. Administration of hBM-MSCs inhibited methamphetamine-stimulated rotational behavior at 7, 14, 21 and 28 days after transplantation. Immunohistochemical analysis also…

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An update on stem cell therapy for neurological disorders: cell death pathways as therapeutic targets


Here, we compiled ten papers detailing recent strides in the field of stem cell therapy, which address critical issues relevant to pursuing this experimental treatment for clinical applications in brain disorders. Topics include efficacy, safety, and mechanism of action underlying cell therapy, emerging technologies and combination pharmacotherapies with cell transplantation directed at improving the functional outcomes, and evaluation of key translational components of advancing novel therapeutics to the clinic, including the need for vis-à-vis comparisons…

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Improved dopamine transporter binding activity after bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell transplantation in a rat model of Parkinson’s disease: small animal positron emission tomography study with F-18 FP-CIT


Objectives We evaluated the effects of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in a model of Parkinson’s disease (PD) using serial F-18 fluoropropylcarbomethoxyiodophenylnortropane (FP-CIT) PET. Methods Hemiparkinsonian rats were treated with intravenously injected BMSCs, and animals without stem cell therapy were used as the controls. Serial FP-CIT PET was performed after therapy. The ratio of FP-CIT uptake in the lesion side to uptake in the normal side was measured. The changes in FP-CIT uptake were…

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Progress of mesenchymal stem cell therapy for neural and retinal diseases


Complex circuitry and limited regenerative power make central nervous system (CNS) disorders the most challenging and difficult for functional repair. With elusive disease mechanisms, traditional surgical and medical interventions merely slow down the progression of the neurodegenerative diseases. However, the number of neurons still diminishes in many patients. Recently, stem cell therapy has been proposed as a viable option. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), a widely-studied human adult stem cell population, have been discovered for more…

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Phase I Trial of Repeated Intrathecal Autologous Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis


Stem cell therapy is an emerging alternative therapeutic or disease-modifying strategy for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The aim of this open-label phase I clinical trial was to evaluate the safety of two repeated intrathecal injections of autologous bone marrow (BM)-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in ALS patients. Eight patients with definite or probable ALS were enrolled. After a 3-month lead-in period, autologous MSCs were isolated two times from the BM at an interval of 26…

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Immunomodulatory characteristics of mesenchymal stem cells and their role in the treatment of Multiple Sclerosis


Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory neurodegenerative disease of central nervous system (CNS). Although the main cause of MS is not clear, studies suggest that MS is an autoimmune disease which attacks myelin sheath of neurons. There are different therapeutic regimens for MS patients including interferon (IFN)-β, glatiramer acetate (GA), and natalizumab. However, such therapies are not quite effective and are associated with some side effects. So which, there is no complete therapeutic method…

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Autologous Bone Marrow Transplantation for the Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis


Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system and represents one of the leading causes of neurologic disability in young adults. Current treatments for MS have shown limited efficacy in patients with either a progressive or an aggressive disease course. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has been proposed to control or even cure refractory cases of MS. Indeed, HSCT is able to temporarily eradicate the autoreactive cells and to reset…

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Short-term evaluation of autologous transplantation of bone marrow–derived mesenchymal stem cells in patients with cirrhosis: Egyptian study


Background Stem cell–based therapy has received attention as a possible alternative to organ transplantation. The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of autologous transplantation of bone marrow (BM)–derived stromal cells in post-HCV liver cirrhosis patients. Methodology 10 × 106 of isolated human bone marrow (HBM)-stromal cells in 10 mL normal saline were injected in the spleen of 20 patients with end-stage liver cirrhosis guided by the ultrasonography, and then patients were followed up on…

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